Please Note: This article is written for users of the following Microsoft Word versions: 97, 2000, 2002, and 2003. If you are using a later version (Word 2007 or later), this tip may not work for you. For a version of this tip written specifically for later versions of Word, click here: IEEE Citation Format.
by Allen Wyatt
(last updated October 29, 2018)
Shoaib needs to insert a citation in a footnote so that the citation uses the IEEE format. He's not sure how to do this and wonders if there is a way that Word can do it automatically.
The answer is that there is no way to do this automatically in Word, but the program gives you enough tools that you can make sure that citations follow whatever editorial format you desire. Such a statement presupposes that you must become familiar with the format you want. In other words, you must learn what is required for IEEE citations so that you can implement them in Word. This is a pretty good introduction to the topic of IEEE citations:
To start with, you need to make sure that your footnotes or endnotes are set up properly. This is not a problem with footnotes; they are always inserted with Arabic numerals. Endnotes, however, are normally inserted using lowercase Roman numerals. If you are using endnotes, modify them (as described in other issues of WordTips) so that they use Arabic numerals.
At this point you can insert your footnotes or endnotes as you normally would, but you'll want to make sure that the footnote or endnote text matches the format required by IEEE. If you need some help with this, there are a number of online sites that can help format your citations properly for IEEE format; this is one:
Once you have the citation formatted correctly, you just need to paste that formatted citation in a regular Word footnote or endnote.
When you have finished with all your footnotes or endnotes, you need to modify the actual footnote or endnote reference so it is enclosed within brackets, as required by IEEE. (By default, Word uses superscripted footnote and endnote references.) Follow these steps:
Figure 1. The Find Style dialog box.
At this point you should have brackets around all your footnote or endnote references. They may, however, still be formatted as superscript. If so, modify the Footnote Reference style or the Endnote Reference style, as appropriate, so it does not appear as superscript. (How you modify styles has been covered in other issues of WordTips.)
There are also a number of Word templates available that you can use to implement IEEE formatting in a document. (This is not just for citations, but for the entire document.) Here are a couple to check out:
WordTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Word training. (Microsoft Word is the most popular word processing software in the world.) This tip (7785) applies to Microsoft Word 97, 2000, 2002, and 2003. You can find a version of this tip for the ribbon interface of Word (Word 2007 and later) here: IEEE Citation Format.
Do More in Less Time! Are you ready to harness the full power of Word 2013 to create professional documents? In this comprehensive guide you'll learn the skills and techniques for efficiently building the documents you need for your professional and your personal life. Check out Word 2013 In Depth today!
When you are done typing a footnote or endnote in your document, you may want a way to return to the main document text ...Discover More
Need to add footnotes to your footnotes? It's actually allowed by some style guides, but Word doesn't make it so easy.Discover More
Endnotes are a required element in some types of writing. When you add an endnote, Word moves you to the end of your ...Discover More
FREE SERVICE: Get tips like this every week in WordTips, a free productivity newsletter. Enter your address and click "Subscribe."
Got a version of Word that uses the menu interface (Word 97, Word 2000, Word 2002, or Word 2003)? This site is for you! If you use a later version of Word, visit our WordTips site focusing on the ribbon interface.