Changing Character Color

by Allen Wyatt
(last updated July 14, 2016)

Imagine that you are developing a document that uses text colors to signal special meanings to the reader. For instance, you may use red text to indicate what the user should type. If you are developing a document in which you use color within your text, it can be a real bother to use the menus over and over again to change text colors. In such an instance, it is helpful to have a macro that modifies the color automatically. You can assign the macro to a key combination or a toolbar button so you don't have to use the menus. The following macro changes the color of the currently selected text to red.

Sub MakeRed()
    If Selection.Type = wdSelectionNormal Or _
      Selection.Type = wdSelectionBlock Then
        Selection.Font.ColorIndex = wdRed
    Else
        Beep
    End If
End Sub

If you want to use a different color besides red, change the color assignment made in the macro. (Just change the constant wdRed to the desired color.) VBA allows you to use constants to represent colors. There are seventeen different color numbers available:

Number Text Color Word Constant
0 Auto wdAuto
1 Black wdBlack
2 Blue wdBlue
3 Cyan wdTurquoise
4 Green wdBrightGreen
5 Magenta wdPink
6 Red wdRed
7 Yellow wdYellow
8 White wdWhite
9 Dark Blue wdDarkBlue
10 Dark Cyan wdTeal
11 Dark Green wdGreen
12 Dark Magenta wdViolet
13 Dark Red wdDarkRed
14 Dark Yellow wdDarkYellow
15 Dark Gray wdGray50
16 Light Gray wdGray25

WordTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Word training. (Microsoft Word is the most popular word processing software in the world.) This tip (253) applies to Microsoft Word 97, 2000, 2002, and 2003.

Author Bio

Allen Wyatt

With more than 50 non-fiction books and numerous magazine articles to his credit, Allen Wyatt is an internationally recognized author. He  is president of Sharon Parq Associates, a computer and publishing services company. ...

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