Word's Object Model

by Allen Wyatt
(last updated October 20, 2018)

1

As you may be aware, Word is an object-oriented program. Internally, Word keeps track of "objects" in your document, such as paragraphs, styles, sections, etc. These objects can be grouped together in collections, which represent all the related objects of a particular type. For instance, the Paragraphs collection represents all the individual Paragraph objects within a document.

As you are creating macros in VBA, it is a good idea to understand the object model used by Word. This model defines all the objects understood by the program (and to which you have access), as well as the various properties (attributes) and methods (procedures) associated with those objects.

If you want to understand more about Word's object model, there are a few different places you can look. The first is the VBA Help system provided with Word. Unfortunately, the VBA Help file is not automatically installed when you install Word or Office. If you cannot access Help while in the VBA Editor, you will need to again run the Word or Office Setup program and make sure the VBA Help file is installed. When you open the VBA Help file, go the Contents tab, expand "Programming Information," expand "Microsoft Word Visual Basic Reference," click on "Microsoft Word Objects," then click on "Documents." You can also search for the term "Object Model" for the information you need.

You can also find out about the object model through the MSDN Web site. Visit the following Web page:

http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/en-us/modcore/html/deovrMicrosoftWord2000.asp

There are a number of Word developer-oriented books available on the market. Other WordTips subscribers speak well of VBA Developer's Handbook by Ken Getz and Mike Gilbert (Sybex Books, ISBN 0782119514) and Microsoft Office 2000 Visual Basic Programmer's Guide by David Shank, Mark Roberts, and Tamra Myers (Microsoft Press, ISBN 1572319526).

Note:

If you would like to know how to use the macros described on this page (or on any other page on the WordTips sites), I've prepared a special page that includes helpful information. Click here to open that special page in a new browser tab.

WordTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Word training. (Microsoft Word is the most popular word processing software in the world.) This tip (1622) applies to Microsoft Word 97, 2000, 2002, and 2003.

Author Bio

Allen Wyatt

With more than 50 non-fiction books and numerous magazine articles to his credit, Allen Wyatt is an internationally recognized author. He is president of Sharon Parq Associates, a computer and publishing services company. ...

MORE FROM ALLEN

Correctly Numbering Footnotes in a Chapter

Word is very flexible when it comes to adding footnotes to your document. If you have multiple sections within that ...

Discover More

Defining a Custom Paper Size

Need to print your worksheet on a non-standard paper size? Excel is rather limited in printing to such papers, and here ...

Discover More

Changing Behavior for Audio CDs

When you place an audio CD in you PC, Windows attempts to play the CD, by default. If you don't want Windows to behave in ...

Discover More

Create Custom Apps with VBA! Discover how to extend the capabilities of Office 2013 (Word, Excel, PowerPoint, Outlook, and Access) with VBA programming, using it for writing macros, automating Office applications, and creating custom applications. Check out Mastering VBA for Office 2013 today!

More WordTips (menu)

Assigning a Macro to a Button in Your Text

One way you can access macros is through the use of a button, added directly into the text of your document. This is done ...

Discover More

Moving the Insertion Point to the Beginning of a Line

If you need to move the insertion point within your macro, then you'll want to note the HomeKey method, described in this ...

Discover More

Inserting a Paragraph from within a Macro

Macros are often used to process documents, resulting in changes of one manner or another. If you need your macro to add ...

Discover More
Subscribe

FREE SERVICE: Get tips like this every week in WordTips, a free productivity newsletter. Enter your address and click "Subscribe."

View most recent newsletter.

Comments

If you would like to add an image to your comment (not an avatar, but an image to help in making the point of your comment), include the characters [{fig}] in your comment text. You’ll be prompted to upload your image when you submit the comment. Maximum image size is 6Mpixels. Images larger than 600px wide or 1000px tall will be reduced. Up to three images may be included in a comment. All images are subject to review. Commenting privileges may be curtailed if inappropriate images are posted.

What is six more than 8?

2018-10-22 13:26:39

james

Allen,

I could not get the MSDN link above ( http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/en-us/modcore/html/deovrMicrosoftWord2000.asp) to work.
Is there a more up to date place to go?
Best Regards,


This Site

Got a version of Word that uses the menu interface (Word 97, Word 2000, Word 2002, or Word 2003)? This site is for you! If you use a later version of Word, visit our WordTips site focusing on the ribbon interface.

Newest Tips
Subscribe

FREE SERVICE: Get tips like this every week in WordTips, a free productivity newsletter. Enter your address and click "Subscribe."

(Your e-mail address is not shared with anyone, ever.)

View the most recent newsletter.