Word's Object Model

by Allen Wyatt
(last updated June 1, 2017)

1

As you may be aware, Word is an object-oriented program. Internally, Word keeps track of "objects" in your document, such as paragraphs, styles, sections, etc. These objects can be grouped together in collections, which represent all the related objects of a particular type. For instance, the Paragraphs collection represents all the individual Paragraph objects within a document.

As you are creating macros in VBA, it is a good idea to understand the object model used by Word. This model defines all the objects understood by the program (and to which you have access), as well as the various properties (attributes) and methods (procedures) associated with those objects.

If you want to understand more about Word's object model, there are a few different places you can look. The first is the VBA Help system provided with Word. Unfortunately, the VBA Help file is not automatically installed when you install Word or Office. If you cannot access Help while in the VBA Editor, you will need to again run the Word or Office Setup program and make sure the VBA Help file is installed. When you open the VBA Help file, go the Contents tab, expand "Programming Information," expand "Microsoft Word Visual Basic Reference," click on "Microsoft Word Objects," then click on "Documents." You can also search for the term "Object Model" for the information you need.

You can also find out about the object model through the MSDN Web site. Visit the following Web page:

http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/en-us/modcore/html/deovrMicrosoftWord2000.asp

There are a number of Word developer-oriented books available on the market. Other WordTips subscribers speak well of VBA Developer's Handbook by Ken Getz and Mike Gilbert (Sybex Books, ISBN 0782119514) and Microsoft Office 2000 Visual Basic Programmer's Guide by David Shank, Mark Roberts, and Tamra Myers (Microsoft Press, ISBN 1572319526).

WordTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Word training. (Microsoft Word is the most popular word processing software in the world.) This tip (1622) applies to Microsoft Word 97, 2000, 2002, and 2003.

Author Bio

Allen Wyatt

With more than 50 non-fiction books and numerous magazine articles to his credit, Allen Wyatt is an internationally recognized author. He  is president of Sharon Parq Associates, a computer and publishing services company. ...

MORE FROM ALLEN

Handling Validation for Proper Latitude

When setting up Excel for data entry, you often have to be concerned with what values are acceptable. For example, if ...

Discover More

Temporarily Changing the Printer in a Macro

You can use a macro to print to any printer you have defined in Windows. It is good practice, if you are changing which ...

Discover More

Using the Format Painter with Editing Restrictions in Place

Word allows you to apply protection to your documents that can affect which tools users can access. If you want to exempt ...

Discover More

Learning Made Easy! Quickly teach yourself how to format, publish, and share your content using Word 2013. With Step by Step, you set the pace, building and practicing the skills you need, just when you need them! Check out Microsoft Word 2013 Step by Step today!

More WordTips (menu)

Understanding the While...Wend Structure

One of the basic programming structures used in VBA is the While ... Wend structure. This structure helps to make the ...

Discover More

Aligning a Paragraph in a Macro

If you are applying formatting from within a macro, you may want to change the alignment of various paragraphs. Here's ...

Discover More

Running Macros Based on Keywords

Wouldn't it be great if Word could execute a macro every time someone typed in a particular keyword or phrase? Word may ...

Discover More
Subscribe

FREE SERVICE: Get tips like this every week in WordTips, a free productivity newsletter. Enter your address and click "Subscribe."

View most recent newsletter.

Comments

If you would like to add an image to your comment (not an avatar, but an image to help in making the point of your comment), include the characters [{fig}] in your comment text. You’ll be prompted to upload your image when you submit the comment. Maximum image size is 6Mpixels. Images larger than 600px wide or 1000px tall will be reduced. Up to three images may be included in a comment. All images are subject to review. Commenting privileges may be curtailed if inappropriate images are posted.

What is seven more than 2?

2015-10-27 06:57:07

Thomas Seeley

RE:
http://word.tips.net/T001622_Words_Object_Model.html

Broken link:
http://msdn.microsoft.com/library/en-us/modcore/html/deovrMicrosoftWord2000.asp


This Site

Got a version of Word that uses the menu interface (Word 97, Word 2000, Word 2002, or Word 2003)? This site is for you! If you use a later version of Word, visit our WordTips site focusing on the ribbon interface.

Newest Tips
Subscribe

FREE SERVICE: Get tips like this every week in WordTips, a free productivity newsletter. Enter your address and click "Subscribe."

(Your e-mail address is not shared with anyone, ever.)

View the most recent newsletter.