Please Note: This article is written for users of the following Microsoft Word versions: 97, 2000, 2002, and 2003. If you are using a later version (Word 2007 or later), this tip may not work for you. For a version of this tip written specifically for later versions of Word, click here: Footnotes Don't Automatically Renumber.

Footnotes Don't Automatically Renumber

Written by Allen Wyatt (last updated April 16, 2022)
This tip applies to Word 97, 2000, 2002, and 2003


Roger was sent a Word document that he needed to edit. The document had 90 footnotes in it, and he needed to delete footnote 23. Roger went into the document body, found the footnote marker for the appropriate footnote, and then deleted it. The footnote was actually deleted, but the remaining footnotes did not renumber. Roger wonders what could be causing this problem with the footnotes.

The answer could be quite simple, and related to using the Track Changes feature of Word. When many people edit documents, they do so with Track Changes turned on. In that case, deleting the footnote doesn't actually delete it, but simply marks it as deleted text. Word doesn't renumber the footnotes because the footnote is still there—albeit marked for deletion. When the changes are accepted or rejected, then Word will renumber the footnotes accordingly.

If you are doing your edits without Track Changes being turned on, then it is possible that your footnotes don't use automatic numbering. Meaning, whoever created the footnotes actually inserted the numbers within the Custom Mark field of the Footnote and Endnote dialog box. Display the dialog box again and you can figure out if this is the case.

It is also possible that the document has multiple sections in it and that each section (or at least the section containing footnote 24) has been configured so that footnotes for that section begin with a specific number. You can figure this out by putting the insertion point in the section containing footnote 24, displaying the Footnote and Endnote dialog box, clicking Options and examining how the numbering is configured in that dialog box.

Finally, if you've tried everything else and the numbering is still messed up, try to "force" Word to examine the numbers it is using. Do this by following these steps:

  1. Press Ctrl+H to display the Replace tab of the Find and Replace dialog box.
  2. Click the More button, if it is available.
  3. Click the Use Wildcards radio button.
  4. With the insertion point in the Find What box, click Format and choose Style. Word displays the Find Style dialog box.
  5. Locate and click on the Footnote Reference style.
  6. Click OK to close the Find Style dialog box.
  7. In the Replace With box enter the following: ^&
  8. Click Replace All.

The purpose of these steps is to try to remove any confusion that Word may be experiencing and cause it to renumber all the footnotes. If this approach doesn't work, try just a bit of a different approach:

  1. Press Ctrl+H to display the Replace tab of the Find and Replace dialog box.
  2. Click the More button, if it is available.
  3. Make sure the Use Wildcards radio button is cleared.
  4. With the insertion point in the Find What box, click No Formatting and enter the following: ^f
  5. In the Replace With box enter the following: ^&
  6. Click Replace All.

WordTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Word training. (Microsoft Word is the most popular word processing software in the world.) This tip (5400) applies to Microsoft Word 97, 2000, 2002, and 2003. You can find a version of this tip for the ribbon interface of Word (Word 2007 and later) here: Footnotes Don't Automatically Renumber.

Author Bio

Allen Wyatt

With more than 50 non-fiction books and numerous magazine articles to his credit, Allen Wyatt is an internationally recognized author. He is president of Sharon Parq Associates, a computer and publishing services company. ...


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What is 7 - 6?

2022-10-31 02:32:43

mike reitsma

Thank you Allen. My case exactly.

2022-09-09 20:58:27


Can someone please help me? I have a fairly large document with Word, and it has a lot of footnotes. Well, the footnotes are misbehaving. The biggest problem is that I cannot get them to restart on each page, despite having chosen this option in the Footnotes and Endnotes dialogue box and choosing Apply. It has absolutely no effect, though if I start a new document with only a few pages, that option works fine.
Second, in a few places my footnotes skip numbering.
Is there a way I can fix my footnotes?
I feel the problem is partly connected with my large document. But if I cannot fix the problem, I can do nothing with my document, and I need it. Please help!

2022-05-08 22:14:54


After reading countless other guides and spending an hour trying to determine why my manuscript's endnotes would not re-number following a massive book edit, I finally found your article.

Accepted the changes in "Track Changes," and ta-da--all set.


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