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Please Note: This article is written for users of the following Microsoft Word versions: 97, 2000, 2002, and 2003. If you are using a later version (Word 2007 or later), this tip may not work for you. For a version of this tip written specifically for later versions of Word, click here: Aligning Text on a Specific Character.
When setting tab stops in a Word document, one specific type of tab allows you to align your text according to the position of the first period within the text. Decimal tabs, as they are called, are very helpful for aligning text around a decimal point in numeric text.
What if you want to align text around a different character? What if you want to align your text around the first @ sign, an asterisk, or a hyphen? Unfortunately, Word doesn't include a way to set a "hyphen tab" like you can set a "decimal tab." There are, however, workarounds you can use.
Aligning text on a hyphen is relatively easy. When you use a decimal tab in your document, it appears that Word aligns on the tab based on either the first period or the first hyphen in your text. Thus, if two lines have the same decimal tab set, and one line contains the number 123.456, and the second contains something like a Social Security Number (555-12-1234), the first line is aligned on the period and the second line is aligned on the first hyphen in the Social Security Number.
Word only behaves this way with hyphens if the hyphen cannot be construed as a minus sign. In other words, while a phone number (480-555-1212) will align on the first hyphen, a negative number will still align on the period (-12.34) or an assumed period following the number (-12).
Aligning text on a different character is more problematic. One solution is to not use tabs, but use tables to align the text. Simply make a three-column table, in which a very thin second column is used to hold the character on which you want to align. The first column will hold the characters preceding the alignment character, and the third column will hold the characters after it. Setting up such a table can be very labor intensive, of course, but may be the best way to get your alignment just as you want it.
If tables are not acceptable for your needs, you can always stick with tabs. If you use three tabs in close proximity to each other, you can align your information as desired. In order, use a right-aligned tab followed by a center-aligned tab, and finally a left-aligned tab. If these tabs are very close to each other, you can simply type the information before the alignment character, press Tab, type the alignment character, press Tab, and type the information after the alignment character. By adjusting the placement of the three tabs, you can get the information to appear quite acceptable on the screen.
You can also stick with decimal tabs, if desired. Make sure you place a period just before the character on which you want to align, and then format the period so it uses a very small font size (perhaps 1 point) and is formatted as white text. Alignment will still occur on the period, but it is virtually unnoticeable in the display or in a printout.
If you would like a more permanent solution, you can always change the regional settings within Windows itself so that it uses your desired alignment character as a decimal separator symbol. For instance, if you wanted to align on the @ sign, you could follow these steps:
Figure 1. The Regional Options tab of the Regional and Language Options dialog box.
Figure 2. The Numbers tab of the Customize Regional Options dialog box.
These steps will vary, depending on your version of Windows, but you get the idea. With the decimal separator changed, Word aligns decimal tabs according to the character you specified in step 7. The biggest drawback to this, of course, is that the change is system-wide, and you may have unintended consequences in other programs.
WordTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Word training. (Microsoft Word is the most popular word processing software in the world.) This tip (530) applies to Microsoft Word 97, 2000, 2002, and 2003. You can find a version of this tip for the ribbon interface of Word (Word 2007 and later) here: Aligning Text on a Specific Character.
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