Please Note: This article is written for users of the following Microsoft Word versions: 97, 2000, 2002, and 2003. If you are using a later version (Word 2007 or later), this tip may not work for you. For a version of this tip written specifically for later versions of Word, click here: Templates and Page Setup.
by Allen Wyatt
(last updated December 8, 2014)
Other issues of WordTips have addressed how to use templates. Templates are nothing but special collections of styles, macros, toolbars, and other "goodies" that define your Word environment. You can change how a document looks by simply changing the template attached to the document and then applying styles, as necessary. You change the template attached to a document by using the Templates and Add-ins dialog box. (See Figure 1.) You display this dialog box by choosing Templates and Add-Ins from the Tools menu.
Figure 1. The Templates and Add-ins dialog box.
When you change templates on a document, not everything from the new template is applied to the document. For instance, the page setup for the template is not applied to a document. This can be frustrating, until you realize that applying it could create quite a few problems. Why? Because page setup information, within Word, is a function of sections. This means that you can vary page setup for each section defined in your document. When you attach a new template to a document, how is Word supposed to know which section's page setup should be overwritten? If it applies the page setup from the template to all the sections in the document, then you could lose quite a bit of work.
There is no such problem, however, when you are first creating a document based on a template. In this case, the new document is simply a reflection of the entire template document.
With this understanding, if you still want to apply the page setup information from a template to the current document, you can do it rather easily using a macro. The following macro can serve as your guide:
Sub ApplyTemplatePageSetup() Dim Tmpl As String Dim CurDoc As Document Tmpl = ActiveDocument.AttachedTemplate Set CurDoc = ActiveDocument Documents.Add Template:=Tmpl With CurDoc.PageSetup .LineNumbering.Active = ActiveDocument.PageSetup.LineNumbering.Active .Orientation = ActiveDocument.PageSetup.Orientation .TopMargin = ActiveDocument.PageSetup.TopMargin .BottomMargin = ActiveDocument.PageSetup.BottomMargin .LeftMargin = ActiveDocument.PageSetup.LeftMargin .RightMargin = ActiveDocument.PageSetup.RightMargin .Gutter = ActiveDocument.PageSetup.Gutter .HeaderDistance = ActiveDocument.PageSetup.HeaderDistance .FooterDistance = ActiveDocument.PageSetup.FooterDistance .PageWidth = ActiveDocument.PageSetup.PageWidth .PageHeight = ActiveDocument.PageSetup.PageHeight .FirstPageTray = ActiveDocument.PageSetup.FirstPageTray .OtherPagesTray = ActiveDocument.PageSetup.OtherPagesTray .OddAndEvenPagesHeaderFooter = ActiveDocument.PageSetup.OddAndEvenPagesHeaderFooter .DifferentFirstPageHeaderFooter = ActiveDocument.PageSetup.DifferentFirstPageHeaderFooter .SuppressEndnotes = ActiveDocument.PageSetup.SuppressEndnotes .MirrorMargins = ActiveDocument.PageSetup.MirrorMargins End With ActiveDocument.Close SaveChanges:=wdDoNotSaveChanges Set CurDoc = Nothing End Sub
This macro determines the template in use, creates a new document based on that template, and then copies the page setup information from the new document to the original one. When completed, the new document created by the macro is deleted. You can delete any portions of the macro that you don't feel are applicable. For instance, if you only wanted to change the margins to match your template, all you need to keep in this macro are the four lines that set the margins.
Obviously, this macro overrides any page setup information in your document. (This is the original idea, right?)
WordTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Word training. (Microsoft Word is the most popular word processing software in the world.) This tip (1815) applies to Microsoft Word 97, 2000, 2002, and 2003. You can find a version of this tip for the ribbon interface of Word (Word 2007 and later) here: Templates and Page Setup.
Comprehensive VBA Guide Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) is the language used for writing macros in all Office programs. This complete guide shows both professionals and novices how to master VBA in order to customize the entire Office suite for their needs. Check out Mastering VBA for Office 2010 today!
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