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Removing HTTP from URLs

Please Note: This article is written for users of the following Microsoft Word versions: 97, 2000, 2002, and 2003. If you are using a later version (Word 2007 or later), this tip may not work for you. For a version of this tip written specifically for later versions of Word, click here: Removing HTTP from URLs.

Graham is a copyeditor and one of the (quite usual) tasks he faces is to remove http:// from URLs that start http://www. Graham finds this task easy if the URL is just text. However, if it is a hyperlink he has to display the Edit Hyperlink dialog box, select http:// in the Text to Display field, delete it, and close the dialog box.

Fortunately, you don't have to always display the Edit Hyperlink dialog box to make your changes. Even if a hyperlink is active, you can find and replace information in what is displayed. For instance, doing a search for http://www and replacing it with www will work just fine, even for active hyperlinks. Word changes just the text that is displayed and not the underlying hyperlink itself.

If you have many, many hyperlinks to edit and this truncation of URLs is a common task, you may want to use a macro to handle this. You can develop a short macro that will step through each hyperlink in the document and remove the http:// portion. The following is an example:

Sub FixHyperlinks1()
    Dim hyp As Hyperlink
    Dim sLink As String

    For Each hyp In ActiveDocument.Hyperlinks
        sLink = hyp.Address
        sLink = replace(strLink, "http://www", "www")
        hyp.Address = sLink
    Next hyp
End Sub

This approach is probably not as comprehensive as you want, however. It only affects active hyperlinks; it doesn't affect plain-text URLs in your document. If you want to use a more comprehensive approach, you need something that will get rid of all the hyperlinks (you probably don't need them in the document in the first place) and then get rid of the http:// portion. Here's one that will do just that:

Sub FixHyperlinks2()
'Remove hyperlinks
    With ActiveDocument
        While .Hyperlinks.Count > 0
            .Hyperlinks(1).Delete
        Wend
    End With

'Remove http://
    Selection.Find.ClearFormatting
    Selection.Find.Replacement.ClearFormatting
    With Selection.Find
        .Text = "http://www"
        .Replacement.Text = "www"
        .Forward = True
        .Wrap = wdFindContinue
     End With
    Selection.Find.Execute Replace:=wdReplaceAll
End Sub

WordTips is your source for cost-effective Microsoft Word training. (Microsoft Word is the most popular word processing software in the world.) This tip (3833) applies to Microsoft Word 97, 2000, 2002, and 2003. You can find a version of this tip for the ribbon interface of Word (Word 2007 and later) here: Removing HTTP from URLs.

Related Tips:

Comprehensive VBA Guide Visual Basic for Applications (VBA) is the language used for writing macros in all Office programs. This complete guide shows both professionals and novices how to master VBA in order to customize the entire Office suite for their needs. Check out Mastering VBA for Office 2010 today!

 

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